Multi-energy Microgrid Planning Considering Heat Flow Dynamics
This paper presents a multi-energy microgrid optimal planning method, considering the intra-hour dynamics of the heating system as constraints of the energy dispatch, and consequently of the sizing of Combined Heat and Power units. The fixed-mass flow rate method and finite difference technique are applied to linearize the dynamic constraints. Moreover, to determine the values of the mass flow rates, a critical scenario representing the slowest heat dynamic process is put forward. Finally, a realistic microgrid case study is presented to illustrate the effect of considering the heat flow dynamics in the overall solution.