Impact Assessment of a Massive Integration of Electric Vehicles through the Fuzzy Power Flow Analysis
This paper aims at studying the impact of the Electric Vehicles (EV) charging demand and its uncertainty in the adequacy of the transmission grid using the Linearized approach of the Symmetric Fuzzy Power Flow analysis. The fuzzy modelling of the uncertainties caused by the presence of EV in the system is discussed. Two types of charging scenarios are considered: dumb charging and smart charging. Finally, a fuzzy power flow analysis considering the uncertainties associated to the EV load is applied to a test system as well as to the peak load scenario of Portuguese system in 2030, discussing the possibility of congestion occurrence and nodes voltages out of the tolerance limits.