Dr. Douglas Black is the Grid Integration Group Leader at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Doug’s research focuses on microgrid and vehicle-to-grid integration (VGI) demonstration projects. Doug leads a team in developing LBNL’s DER-CAM operations control system for islandable microgrid demonstrations at the Parks Reserve Forces Training Area and Fort Hunter Liggett Army Base. Doug also leads VGI demonstration projects at the Los Angeles Air Force Base, a building-scale microgrid at the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in San Diego, CA, and Alameda County municipal buildings. Doug’s work focuses on optimizing control of VGI implementations while maximizing vehicle and grid function and minimizing overall charging costs for individual and fleet owners of electric vehicles. Doug studies VGI configurations ranging from managed EV charging and building load control for retail demand response programs to using bi-directional EV charging for frequency regulation in wholesale electricity ancillary services markets. Doug earned a Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering from UC Berkeley and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan.